Puerta del Sol (square)
This is an iconic place in the city on the Manzanares River, a key point and centre of communications. In Puerta del Sol stands the Statue of the Bear and the Strawberry Tree, by the sculptor Antonio Navarro Santafé, which represents the heraldry of Madrid’s coat of arms.
Since 1950, this large urban space has also enjoyed the status of being known as Kilometre Zero of the Spanish roads that radiate out from it.
Descalzas Reales Monastery
It occupies the old palace where Carlos I and Isabel of Portugal resided and where their daughter was born in 1535.
Especially interesting are the Brussels tapestries in cartoons by Rubens.
Address: Plaza de las Descalzas
Opening hours: Tuesday to Saturday from 10.00 to 14.00 and 16.00 to 18.30. Sundays and bank holidays only open in the mornings from 10.00 to 15.00.
This fountain has achieved international status as Real Madrid football club fans celebrate in it when they win titles in the League, Cup and European Cup.
The monument, designed by Ventura Rodríguez, was installed in 1782. The figure of the goddess and chariot were sculpted by the artist Francisco Gutiérrez whilst Roberto Michel was entrusted to carve the lions.
Puerta de Alcalá (Monument)
This monument is so important it has its own song, with lyrics by Ana Belén and Víctor Manuel
It was built by Francisco Sabatini during the reign of Carlos III and inaugurated in 1778. Since then it has become a real icon of the city, a flag and a banner to the world.